Alexandria contains some of Egypt’s finest examples of architectural and urban heritage. One of the first cities in Egypt to experience modernization, beginning in the early 19th century, Alexandria’s booming economy, cosmopolitan culture and diverse historical layers have all contributed to a robust Downtown. Over the past few decades, downtown Alexandria has experienced a gradual decay, similar to other major city centers in Egypt. A process of degentrification resulted from the departure of foreign communities around the middle of the 20th century, followed by local upper classes by the 1970s and 1980s. This process of deterioration was compounded by an entrenched institutional and legal framework for rent control, and a lack of incentive for maintenance and upkeep. This Alexandria guidebook seeks to highlight the city’s rich and living heritage, focusing on three walking tours, of the Manshiya, Greek and Downtown districts. This Alexandria mapping project seeks to highlight the city’s rich and living heritage, focusing on two walking tours, of the Manshiya and Downtown districts.